Partners for Space Exploration

ESA’s commercial partnership with European industry facilitates space exploration and promotes a broader utilisation of the International Space Station. It also fosters new technology that could boost future ESA missions to the Moon and Mars.

In 2015, ESA issued a permanent open Call to industry to participate in the Agency’s Space Exploration Strategy via innovative partnerships.

Low Earth Orbit

ESA’s Space 4.0 strategy aims to bring about the transition of Low Earth Orbit activities from being a government-run laboratory to being a commercially driven human and robotic spaceflight economy. 

Under a call for Co-funded studies on platforms and facilities in low Earth orbit, new partners are encouraged to work on orbital infrastructures and transportation for affordable research and novel applications.  

Two partnerships, the ICE Cubes service and Bartolomeo, have been established under the permanent call for partnerships:

ICE Cubes

Ice Cubes in Columbus mockupAccess the image

The ICE Cubes service is the first European commercial opportunity to conduct research in space. This pioneering agreement signed between ESA and Space Applications Services NV/SA, Belgium, offers room to run experiments and conduct research in weightlessness inside ESA’s Columbus laboratory on the International Space Station. 

Launched in May 2018, the service provides rapid and simplified access to the station on a commercial basis. For the first time, ICE Cubes users will be able to interact with their experiment directly from their home. 

Bartolomeo: An all-in-one service for the space station

Bartolomeo platforms outside ColumbusAccess the image

Airbus Defence and Space partnered with ESA on 7 February 2018 to start developing a new commercial service for the International Space Station called Bartolomeo.

From 2019, the versatile Bartolomeo All-in-one Mission Service will provide end-to-end access for external payloads on the Station for many mission types at competitive prices. It offers an unobstructed view of Earth, direct control of the experiments from the ground via a high-speed data feed, and the possibility of retrieving samples. 

These services strengthen the competitiveness of the space and non-space industrial base, stimulates R&D, and integrates innovative solutions with ESA space exploration missions. 

Developing commercial capacity for future missions beyond LEO

Goonhilly antennaAccess the image

ESA and the County of Cornwall in the UK have partnered up to redevelop part of Goonhilly Earth Station, an existing commercial station in Cornwall, UK, to enable it to provide Europe’s first deep-space tracking services on a commercial basis. 

The Goonhilly project will be initially funded through a €9.5 million investment from the UK’s Cornwall & Isles of Scilly Local Enterprise Partnership, a public­–private regional economic development body, and will later include a smaller investment from ESA.

Under the project, a 32 m-diameter dish built in 1985 will be upgraded to provide fast data links for missions far beyond Earth – typically exceeding 2 million km. 

“Once the station upgrade work is complete, in about 24 months, Goonhilly will be able to complement ESA’s own stations, and provide deep-space tracking for the Agency’s missions as well as those of other space agencies or from private space start-ups aiming to exploit the Moon or mine asteroids,” notes Klaus-Jürgen Schulz, responsible for ESA ground station engineering.  

Space Exploration strategy

David Parker, Director of Human Spaceflight and Robotic ExplorationAccess the image

“Commercial partnership plays a growing role in the exciting ESA vision for space exploration,” commented David Parker, ESA Director of Human and Robotic Exploration. 

“ESA intends to stimulate private sector engagement in space exploration and foster innovative and inspiring approaches for ISS services and utilisation and future ESA missions.” 

Call for proposals

ISS and beyond Call for ideas: Space exploration as driver for growth & competitiveness
A unique opportunity for the private sector to shape and engage as a strategic partner in the future global space exploration undertaking. ESA is looking into novel ways to partner with the private sector and facilitate the realisation of European exploration ambitions.
Closing date: Always open
Post-ISS Co-funded studies on platforms and facilities in low Earth orbit
As the operational life of the International Space Station comes to an end in the next decade, new partners are welcome to work on orbital infrastructures and transportation for affordable research and novel applications.
The invitation to tender (Ref:AO9038) is published on ESA EMITS ( The deadline for submissions is 31 December 2019.
Lunar missions

Please help Heracles to survive a lunar night
ESA is calling European industry to respond to an invitation to tender to propose energy storage solutions such as regenerative fuel cell systems to provide power during the 14-day lunar night. This capability will have a growth path towards systems supporting human missions to safely operate through the night as well.

Due to the programmatic requirement of Heracles to launch in 2026, solutions with advanced technology readiness are preferred and it is expected that the 24-months study leads to a fully qualified breadboard model by 2021.

The 'Open Invitation to Tender' is published on EMITS - reference AO9663, and the deadline for submissions is 15 March 2019.

Lunar missions

Wanted for Heracles: High Performance Structures and Mechanisms

ESA is looking for industrial partners with particular expertise in lightweight structures and efficient mechanisms for the Heracles mission. 

Heracles is an ambitious international mission to the Surface of the Moon. It comprises a lunar descent element provided by JAXA and a lunar ascent element provided by ESA. The ascent element hosts the European/Canadian rover during the transfer to the Moon. The descent and ascent elements are connected using the interface element. 

Two key mechanisms are attached to it: the rover deployment mechanism and the sample canister transfer mechanism. The interface element may also host additional night survival equipment like heaters and solar arrays as well as scientific payloads.  

In order to integrate the Heracles lunar landing stack in a flexible manner, ESA seeks proposals from European industry for the Heracles interface element (Phase-0). The purpose of the study is the development of a design concept and evolution of preliminary requirements in preparation for a phase-A of the element.

The 'Open Invitation to Tender' is published on EMITS - reference AO09709, and the deadline for submissions is 14 May 2019.

Request for information

Lunar Missions

Technologies, Science Payloads and Commercial Services for a Lunar ISRU Demonstration Mission
ESA is requesting information relating to the elements of a mission to demonstrate lunar In-Situ Resource Utilisation (ISRU) technologies at the lunar surface and to prepare capabilities for future lunar missions.

Upcoming events

Research in Space - New Business Cases Workshop
ESA invites commercial, industrial, academic, and international partners to this workshop on 3–4 April 2019 at ESA ESTEC, in the Netherlands. The workshop provides an opportunity to bring together the community’s knowledge on how market-driven research and applications can be served in low Earth orbit in the future.

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